ZOOL 101. Human Biology (1.00 units; Staff)
An introduction to human biology with an emphasis on how our evolutionary past has shaped us to be as we are today. Topics covered include our relatedness to other living creatures, why and how we age, how our immune system works, mechanisms of genetic disease, the role of nutrition and lifestyle in health including heart disease, basic neurobiology and endocrinology, the hormonal biology of stress, and human reproduction including early development and sexual differentiation. S. (Group II)

ZOOL 104. Animal Reproduction (1.00 units; Reichard, Staff)
The birds and the bees: a comparative look at reproductive physiology, ecology, and behavior across the animal kingdom. Because the ability to reproduce is a defining characteristic of life, reproduction is of central importance in the study of biology. Here, we survey animal reproduction with an evolutionist’s eye: Why do females choose while males display? Why is the dragonfly’s penis covered in spines? Why do most animals have two sexes rather than three, ten, or none at all? What is sex, anyway? In suggesting possible answers to these questions, we’ll explore the meaning, importance, and fantastic variety of reproduction. F, S. (Group II)

ZOOL 251. Human Anatomy and Physiology (1.25 units; Panhuis)
Students gain an understanding of the basic structure and function of the human organ systems. Regulatory mechanisms and responses to internal changes and environmental stresses are emphasized in lecture and class discussion. Demonstrations, dissections, and experimental techniques are used in the laboratory to illustrate aspects of both physiology and anatomy. This course is not open to students who have credit for ZOOL 325 without consent of the instructor; science majors who have credit for ZOOL 251 may not enroll in ZOOL 325 without special consent of the instructor. Prerequisite: BIOL 120 (preferred), or BIOL 122, or ZOOL 101, or another life science course plus permission from the instructor. S. (Group II)

ZOOL 261. Evolution (1.00 units; Hankison, Panhuis)
Major concepts of biological evolution. Topics include major patterns of evolution, such as speciation, coevolution, convergent evolution, mosaic evolution, and adaptive radiation. Also covered is the process of adaptation via natural selection, the generation of variation through the mechanisms of mutation, recombination, and gene flow, and other important evolutionary mechanisms. Processes and concepts are applied to a variety of species, including a final focus on human evolution. Prerequisite: BIOL 120, ZOOL 101, or equivalent. F, S. (Group II)

ZOOL 300.12 Human Anatomy (Gatz)
An introduction to anatomy in general and the anatomy of humans in particular. The anatomy of organ systems will be covered: skeletal, muscular, integument, nervous (including sense organs), endocrine, digestive, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, and reproductive. The course provides a foundation in understanding human anatomy. This course may be taken in conjunction with ZOOL 325 (Human Physiology) by students who wish to enter a graduate program that requires a full year of Human Anatomy and Physiology. Students may not receive credit for both ZOOL 331 and ZOOL 300.12 or for both ZOOL 251 and ZOOL 300.12. Prerequisite: ZOOL/BOMI (BIOL) 120. F. (Group II)

ZOOL 311. Invertebrate Zoology (1.25 units; Downing, Carreno)
More than 95% of all animals are invertebrates. This course explores the tremendous diversity of invertebrates including their ecology, natural history, evolutionary history, structure, and function. Laboratory study involves hands-on investigation of representative forms from marine, terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. Students become familiar with local fauna through field trips to local habitat. Prerequisite: BIOL 122. F. (Group II)

ZOOL 313. Entomology (1.25 units; Carreno)
Evolutionary resume of arthropod groups followed by an introduction to the biology of insects: their structure, classification, life histories, ecology, and behavior. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 122. F. (Group II)

ZOOL 318. Electron Microscopy: Theory and Practice (Tuhela-Reuning)
An exploration of the physical nature of electron microscopy with emphasis on the scanning electron microscope (SEM). Students investigate the influence of electron beam parameters on imaging and how to correct imaging problems to optimize analysis. Topics covered include sample selection, sputter coating, cryo-preparation, and elemental analysis by energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Students gain extensive, hands-on experience using the SEM. Lecture and laboratory. Additional lab time required outside of scheduled lab. Prerequisites: any two science courses that count toward a science major or permission of instructor. F. (Group II)

ZOOL 325. Human Physiology (1.25 units; Panhuis, Kelly)
(Fall of 2016-2017)
This course will focus on the structure, function, and regulation of organs in humans. Students will gain an understanding of the major body systems including the nervous, cardiovascular, muscular, endocrine, respiratory, and renal. The course will explore physiology using a proximate and mechanistic approach that focuses on important details, terms, and processes. Students will not only learn specific body systems and functions, but will leave the course with an understanding of how these systems are integrated to produce a functional human body. Laboratory work will be used to expose students to the scientific method, experimental design, statistical analysis, presentations, and scientific writing. Prerequisite: BIOL 120 and CHEM 110, or ZOOL 251 with a C- or better. (Group II)

ZOOL 331. Vertebrate Anatomy (1.25 units; Gatz)
The evolutionary history of vertebrate anatomy including functional morphology, from a comparative perspective. Laboratory study of representative species complements the lecture portion of this class. Prerequisite: one course in BOMI or ZOOL. S. (Group II)

ZOOL 333. Developmental Biology (1.25 units; Hamill)
The description and analysis of developmental processes in animals, including the cellular and molecular phenomena involved in fertilization, differentiation, and morphogenesis. Includes laboratory study of selected forms and experiments that illustrate some of the fundamental concepts of development. Prerequisite: BIOL 120 or permission of instructor. S. (Group II)

ZOOL 335. Ecological and Evolutionary Physiology (Kelly)
(Fall of 2016-2017)
Examines the interactions between organisms and their environments from ecological and evolutionary perspectives. Emphasizes allometry and scaling, metabolism and locomotion, heat and water exchange, evolution of endothermy, and artificial selection experiments. Major animal organ systems covered include: neural, endocrine, cardiovascular, digestive, and renal. Laboratory component focuses on experimental design and data analysis. This course may be taken before or after ZOOL 325. Prerequisites: BIOL 122 and BIOL 120. S. (Group II)

ZOOL 341. Ornithology (1.25 units; Reichard)
The biology of birds with emphasis on evolution, flight, behavior, and ecology. Field experience in identification, population studies, and bird banding. Students will learn to critically evaluate the ornithological literature and will choose one species of bird for intensive study. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 122 or permission of instructor. S. (Group II)

ZOOL 343. Animal Behavior (1.25 units; Hankison)
Exploration of the integrative nature of animal behavior, including developmental, genetic, physiological, ecological, and evolutionary dimensions. Laboratories emphasize experimental and analytical approaches to behavioral questions, and students design and implement an in-depth independent project. Prerequisite: BIOL 122. F. (Group II)

ZOOL 345. Marine Biology (1.25 units; Downing)
Marine biology is the study of life in the ocean. Topics include physical and chemical properties of oceans, productivity and energy flow, and animal and plant diversity. Physical and biological features of major habitats and the ecology of representative animals are discussed. Emphasis is placed on human interactions with the marine environment including human impacts on coral reefs, fisheries, marine mammals, and coastal ecosystems. Laboratory study explores standard marine biology techniques, experimental design, data analysis, and exposure to representative marine animals and plants. Possible field trip to the Atlantic coast. Prerequisite: BIOL 122. F. (Group II)

ZOOL 347. Population and Community Ecology (1.25 units; Downing, Gatz)
The scientific study of the factors affecting the distribution and abundance of animals. Ways to gather and analyze data relating to population size, population growth, life histories, competition, predation, community organization and relative abundance of species are taught and practiced during and after our field laboratories. Statistics are taught and used. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 122. F. (Group II)

ZOOL 349. Island Biology (1.25 units; Kelly & Panhuis)
(Spring of 2016-2017)
Characteristics of islands, and analysis of the reasons why island organisms provide superior examples for the study of evolutionary, ecological, and behavioral phenomena. The course includes a required trip to be Galapagos Islands (extra cost) and students prepare intensively for this experience. Offered contingent on sufficient enrollment. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor and one unit in BOMI or ZOOL. S. (Group II)

ZOOL 351. Cell and Molecular Biology (1.25 units; Markwardt)
Topics in this course center on the following fundamental questions: How is the genome structured and organized? How is the information contained within the genome expressed in time and space? What factors control the cell division cycle and how do they work? How are proteins and lipids made, organized, modified, and moved within the cytoplasm? What kinds of systems control the growth of cells in their appropriate social context and what kind of pathologies result when these regulatory systems fail? A series of recent papers will be used to learn about model building and prediction testing. The lab will introduce a variety of modern molecular techniques and model organisms. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: CHEM 110, CHEM 111 and BIOL 120. One additional course in genetics or molecular biology strongly recommended. S. (Group II)

ZOOL 353. Conservation Biology (1.00 units; Downing)
The course will focus on how science can inform conservation decisions by offering in-depth exploration of current issues in conservation. Specific topics include biological reserve design, sustainable harvesting, invasive species, maintenance of genetic diversity, endangered species management, and the measurement and preservation of biodiversity. Students will read primary scientific literature and will engage in computer modeling and spreadsheet exercises exploring each topic in detail. Students should be prepared to use basic mathematical skills throughout the course. Prerequisite: BIOL 122 or permission of instructor. F. (Group II)

ZOOL 356. Immunology (1.25 units; Markwardt)
Discussion of the immune response at the cellular and molecular level including structure of antibody molecules and B and T-lymphocytes, cell cooperation in the immune response, antigen-antibody specificity, antigen-antibody reactions, innate immunity, and clinical aspects of immunology. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 120. One additional course in genetics or molecular biology strongly recommended. F, odd years. (Group II)

ZOOL 361. Parasites and Immunity (1.25 units; Carreno)
This course explores parasitic associations, particularly those of medical and veterinary importance. The evolution, life cycles, and pathology of representative protists, helminths, arthropods, and other groups are discussed in lectures and further examined in the laboratory. The laboratory component emphasizes parasite anatomy and identification, parasite collection, diagnostic techniques, and experimental approaches. Prerequisite: BIOL 120 or BIOL 122. F. (Group II)

ZOOL 379. Molecular Techniques (0.5 unit; Staff)
An advanced course in molecular biology techniques. Includes a discussion of the most common techniques along with extensive laboratory experience. Critical analysis of scientific articles, experimental design, and the use of the scientific method are emphasized. May be repeated with change of topic. Prerequisites: ZOOL 351 or BOMI 353; permission of the instructor. F, S.

ZOOL 490. Individual Study and Research (1.00 units; Staff)
Original experimental work, in lab or field, under the supervision of a faculty member. Students may generate their own ideas or work on projects suggested by faculty members. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. F, S.

ZOOL 491. Directed Readings (1.00 units; Staff)
Students choose a topic of special interest and explore it in detail with a faculty member. Students research the primary literature and other sources, and discuss their understandings with the faculty instructor. Term paper may be required. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. F, S.

ZOOL 495. Apprenticeship (Staff)
Practical experience related to a senior or junior’s major area of study. The departments maintain formal ties with the Columbus Zoo, hospitals, and other local institutions to facilitate internship participation, but arrangements may be made with any worthy program to meet student needs. Prerequisite: advanced planning and approval; permission of faculty instructor. F, S.

ZOOL 499. Biological Sciences Seminar (0.50 unit; Staff)
Discussion-based consideration of selected topics; student presentations and/or papers. Each semester earns 0.50 graduation units. Completion of two seminars within a department results in an upper-level unit course credit. A BOMI seminar and a ZOOL seminar also may combine to equal a 1.0 unit course. Instructor’s permission required for underclass students. F, S.