At Ohio Wesleyan, how do we refer to professors and departments? When do we capitalize the word “university”? Do we use a comma before the last item in a series?
The Ohio Wesleyan University Style Guide answers these and other questions when you’re writing about OWU. And if the answer to your question isn’t here, the staff at the Office of University Communications will be happy to help.
Avoid abbreviations in formal text, except when part of official names. For example: Hamilton-Williams Campus Center, but Ham-Wil (with one “l”) is acceptable on first reference in internal, informal contexts.
See ampersand, degrees, months, states, and time.
academic and administrative titles
Capitalize proper names of courses when used with or without course numbers, but do not capitalize subject names used in a general sense.
- Economics 345
- Economic Growth of Modern Japan
- an economics course
Capitalize all nouns and adjectives referring to languages, countries, and nationalities.
- a Spanish course
academic departments and programs
Capitalize only proper nouns or adjectives in department and program names. Capitalize “department” and “program” only when part of an official name.
- Ohio Wesleyan University Department of Politics and Government
- Department of Politics and Government
- politics and government department
- Leland F. and Helen Schubert Honors Program
- Schubert Honors Program
- International Studies Program
Use with documents, not people. “According to the report,” but “Professor Barbara McLeod says.”
Acceptable in all references for the college entrance examination. Do not use periods. Once an acronym for American College Testing, ACT became the official name in 1996. Avoid the redundant “ACT test.”
Abbreviate “boulevard,” “avenue,” and “street” with numbered addresses. Abbreviate directions (N., S., E., W.) in street addresses. Spell out the names of numbered streets from First through Ninth. States following cities in regular text require commas before and after.
- Ohio Wesleyan University, 61 S. Sandusky St., Delaware, Ohio 43015
- They visited Lima, Ohio, on their last trip.
- She lives at 2120 Fifth Ave.
See phone numbers and states.
Affirmative Action statement
“Ohio Wesleyan is an equal opportunity, affirmative action employer strongly and actively committed to diversity within its community.”
In an exception to AP style, do not hyphenate either the noun or adjective. Both “African American” and “black” (lowercase) are acceptable in text, but African American is preferred. One notable exception is Black History Month, based on common usage.
- African American students
- African Americans
Use numerals in all instances.
- He is 9 years old.
- The 19-year-old student is majoring in music.
Do not capitalize, unless used as a formal song title. AP style uses quotation marks around song titles; Chicago style italicizes them.
- Ohio Wesleyan is his alma mater.
- The choir sang the Alma Mater. (Chicago style)
Alumnus is the singular, masculine form. For women, use alumna (singular) or alumnae (plural). Alumni is plural for a group of all men as well as a group of both men and women.
American College Test (ACT)
ACT is acceptable in all references. Do not use periods.
Native American also is acceptable.
Avoid using an ampersand unless it is part of an official title.
- Ohio Wesleyan University Department of Theatre & Dance
Make abbreviations plural by adding “s” only. No apostrophe is needed
No apostrophe is needed for decades.
- 1990s, but ’90s. (Make sure the punctuation is facing outward – ‘90s is incorrect.)
Do not hyphenate in either noun or adjective form.
- Asian American students
- Asian Americans
Capitalize only in formal references, such as the title of the program distributed at Ohio Wesleyan's annual baccalaureate ceremony. Typically held the night before commencement, baccalaureate allows graduating seniors to celebrate their four-year spiritual and intellectual journey at Ohio Wesleyan. It is planned by students in conjunction with the Chaplain's Office.
The nickname, which dates to 1925, is always capitalized. Before then Ohio Wesleyan’s teams were known as “The Red and Black,” or sometimes “The Methodists.” Do not use the term “Lady Bishops.”
Not Bailey. The room is located on the second floor of Beeghly Library.
Acceptable in all uses for the Arthur A. Belt Memorial Walkway, named for Arthur Belt ’34. This pedestrian walkway connects sports facilities with the academic side of campus. As with JAYwalk, the named part (BELT) is in all capital letters, but the pathway is lower case.
There are three Benes Rooms – A, B, and C – located in Hamilton-Williams Campus Center. Designate the specific room if applicable/available.
See African American.
Board of Trustees
Capitalize “Board of Trustees” when referring to Ohio Wesleyan’s Board of Trustees. Do not capitalize when referring to other boards. Capitalize “Board” and “Trustees” when used alone or in any reference to the Ohio Wesleyan group.
- Ohio Wesleyan University Board of Trustees
- Board of Trustees (OWU implied)
- the Board
- the Trustees
See composition titles.
Include call letters and dial numbers for radio stations.
- WOSU-AM 820
- WBNS-10 TV
In most instances, use only the surnames of building honorees. For example, use Mowry Alumni Center instead of Frances E. Mowry Memorial Alumni Center. Exceptions, noted below with asterisks, are based on common practice.
- Austin Manor (Named in 1923, for Dean Cyrus B. Austin.)
- Bashford Hall (1956, for Bishop James Whitford Bashford, OWU’s fourth president.)
- Beeghly Library (L.A. Beeghly Library, 1966, for Mr. Leon Beeghly.)
- * Branch Rickey Arena (Branch Rickey Physical Education Center, 1976, for Mr. Rickey, Class of 1904.)
- Chappelear Drama Center (1972, for Mr. and Mrs. Monroe Chappelear.)
- * R.W. Corns Building (Renovated and renamed in 2000 with funding from Evan Corns ’59 in memory of his father.)
- Jim and Eilleen Dicke House (2017, a Small Living Unit (SLU) duplex funded with a gift from James F. Dicke II and Janet S. Dicke and named in honor of his parents. Note the proper spelling of Eilleen includes two l's and two e's.)
- Dittrick House (2016, SLU funded with a gift from Doug Dittrick '55.)
- Edgar Hall (Renovated in 2001, named for E.E. Edgar, friend of the University.)
- Elliott Hall (1835, for The Rev. Charles Elliott) Note the proper spelling includes two l’s and two t’s.
- Edwards Gymnasium (1906, for John Edwards, OWU Board of Trustees member in late 1890s and early 1900s.)
- George Gauthier Track (Named for George E. Gauthier, OWU’s athletics director from 1921 to 1955.)
- Gillespie Honors House (2017, funded with a gift from Robert W. Gillespie '66 and his wife, Ann L. Wible Gillespie '67.
- Gordon Field House (Richard Gordon Field House, 1976, for Mr. Gordon ’62.)
- Gray Chapel (The chapel is located inside University Hall. The building should not be called Gray Chapel.)
- Hamilton-Williams Campus Center (1991, in honor of the mother of David Hamilton Smith ’53. The building houses Peale Chapel, named in memory of OWU alumnus the Rev. Norman Vincent Peale, Class of 1920.)
- Haycock Hall (2001, in honor of Ebb Haycock, fine arts professor emeritus. The hall is informally called the 3D arts building.)
- Hayes Hall (Lucy Webb Hayes Hall, 1963, after OWU’s first coed and former First Lady, wife of 19th U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes.)
- Littick Field (1969, for Clay Littick, Class of 1915, who was elected into OWU Athletic Hall of Fame in 1966.)
- Luttinger Family Tennis Center (2011, gift from Todd Luttinger, father of 2010 OWU alumnus Brandon Luttinger.)
- Meek Aquatics and Recreation Center (2010, for Phillip J. and Nancy La Porte Meek, Class of 1959. This facility has 90 geothermal wells that help to heat and cool the building. It has been awarded LEED Silver Certification. )
- Merrick Hall (1873, for Frederick Merrick, OWU’s second president. Closed for nearly 30 years, the building was renovated with an anonymous $8 million gift and reopened in August 2015 as the home of The OWU Connection.)
- Mills Early Childhood Center (Mills Early Childhood Development Center, 1961, gift of Charles B. Mills, Class of 1919.)
- Mowry Alumni Center (Frances E. Mowry Memorial Alumni Center, 1986, gift of E.J. Benes and Mrs. France E. Mowry Benes ’32.)
- Panhellenic House (2017, housing up to 22 women from each of the university’s National Panhellenic sororities.)
- Perkins Observatory (1924, for creator Hiram Mills Perkins, OWU professor of mathematics and astronomy.)
- Phillips Hall (1958, gift of Ellis and Kathryn Sisson Phillips, Class of 1901.)
- Presser Hall (1980, located inside Sanborn Hall.)
- Pritchard House (1959, gift of Helen Pritchard, Class of 1911.)
- Richard M. Ross Art Museum (2003, for Richard M. Ross, photographer and founder of Ross Laboratories.)
- Roy Rike Field (Built in 1934 by Delaware City Schools. Purchased by Ohio Wesleyan in 1964 and renamed in honor of E. Roy Rike ’62.)
- Sanborn Hall (1909, by Anna Sanborn Clason, Class of 1859, in memory of her mother, Martha A. Sanborn, and her brother, Benjamin F. Sanborn. The hall contains the 229-seat Jemison Auditorium.)
- Schimmel/Conrades Science Center (2004, for Paul ’62 and Cleo Ritz ’62 Schimmel, and for George ’61 and Patsy Belt ’63 Conrades.)
- Selby Field (Selby Stadium, 1929, for George D. Selby, an OWU Trustee for 24 years)
- Simpson Querrey Fitness Center (2015, for Louis A. Simpson ’58 and his wife, Kimberly K. Querrey. The building was created with a full renovation of the former Pfeiffer Memorial Building (1953, for Mrs. Henry C. Pfeiffer). The building housed the University’s swimming pool (natatorium) prior to the 2010 opening of the Meek Aquatics and Recreation Center.)
- Slocum Hall (1898, for Dr. Charles E. Slocum.)
- Smith Hall (1968, for Elden T. Smith ’32, OWU’s 11th president, and Betty Nilson Smith ’36. The residence hall contains two wings, Smith East and Smith West. The Department of Public Safety is located in the lobby.)
- Student Observatory (1897)
- Sturges Hall (1855, for William Sturges.)
- Stuyvesant Hall (1930, gift of Frank E. Stuyvesant. The building, informally referred to as Stuy, underwent a 15-month, $14-million donor-funded renovation in 2011-2012. The residence hall has been awarded LEED Silver Certification. It houses Student Health Services and includes the McCluggage Lounge and Carper Family Room, named with gifts from Michael L. McCluggage '69 and Jean E. Carper '53, respectively.
- Thomson Hall (1954, for Bishop Edward Thomson, OWU’s first president.)
- University Hall (University Hall-Gray Chapel, 1893, for David Gray, Ohio pioneer minister.)
- Welch Hall (Welch Honor Hall, 1963, for Bishop Herbert Welch, OWU's fifth president.)
- Willa B. Player Black Resource Center (Named in recognition of Player, a 1929 OWU graduate and the University’s first black female trustee. Located in Stuyvesant Hall.)
Keep punctuation for bulleted lists at a minimum. Begin each item with a capital letter. End individual bullet points with a period only if each point is a complete sentence. It is not necessary to include “and” before the last item in the list.
In its interaction with students, Ohio Wesleyan University seeks to:
- Impart knowledge
- Develop and enhance certain important capabilities of students
- Place education in the context of values
Do not capitalize. The Ohio Wesleyan campus is located in downtown Delaware.
Per Associated Press (AP) style, use the one ‘l’ spelling of this word.
Per Associated Press (AP) style, do not capitalize “university” or similar words in news releases when these words stand alone to refer to Ohio Wesleyan University or its programs. In other (non-news release) publications, capitalize “University” in stand-alone references based on longstanding OWU tradition. Capitalize the official names of conferences, courses, lectures, etc.
- The Benjamin F. Marsh Lecture Series on Public Affairs, Marsh Lecture Series, the lecture series
- Sagan National Colloquium, the colloquium
Names of seasons, academic periods, and one-time events generally are not capitalized.
- fall semester
- spring break
In an exception to AP style, use “chair” in all cases instead of chairman, chairwoman, or chairperson.
chairs and professorships
Capitalize the titles of named chairs and professorships whether used alone or after an individual’s name.
- Richard F. Spall, Ph.D., the Cornelia Cole Fairbanks Professor of History
In a longstanding exception to AP style, use the serial comma (the final comma before “and,” “or,” or “nor”) in a list of three or more items.
- first, second, and third place
If items in the series contain commas themselves, use semicolons between all items.
- The documents are dated May 7, 1920; June 12, 1935; and July 4, 1941.
When following a person’s name, qualifiers such as Ph.D. and M.D. are preceded by a comma. A second comma follows the qualifier in regular text.
- Amy McClure, Ph.D.
- Opening remarks by Sean Kay, Ph.D., set the tone for the conference.
When giving the time, date, and location of an event – which is the preferred order – do not use a comma between the time and date.
- The presentation will begin at 7 p.m. May 12, 2015, in Benes Room C inside Hamilton-Williams Campus Center, 40 Rowland Ave., Delaware, Ohio 43015.
Commas appear after, not before, an expression in parentheses (like this), and they always go inside quotation marks, except when a quotation mark indicates inches.
Capitalize only in formal references, such as the title of the program distributed at Ohio Wesleyan's annual graduation ceremony. For many years, the ceremony was held on Mother's Day, but, beginning in May 2017, commencement was moved from Sunday to Saturday. The event is held on Merrick Lawn in front of Merrick Hall. Ohio Wesleyan holds one commencement each academic year including graduates who completed their degrees in summer, fall, and spring.
Follow Associated Press style or Chicago style as appropriate for your audience.
- AP style calls for quotation marks around the titles of books, except for the Bible and reference books, including catalogs, almanacs, dictionaries, etc. AP also calls for quotation marks around the titles of computer games, movies, operas, plays, poems, songs, television programs, lectures, speeches, and works of art. AP capitalizes but does not use quotation marks (or italics) with the names of newspapers and magazines.
- Chicago style calls for italics in nearly all of these instances, but would use quotation marks around the titles of individual poems, lectures, and speeches.
course listings / titles
Each course has a course number and course title, which is always capitalized (even if the course is referred to without the number). There is no punctuation between the course number and course title.
- Math 105 Basic Probability and Statistics
curriculum / curricula
Curriculum is singular; curricula are plural.
Always spell out days of the week and use numerals for years. Use no punctuation if listing just a month and year, but set the year off with commas in exact dates. AP preferred style for event listings is time, date, and place in that order. Do not use an apostrophe with the 1990s, the 1980s, etc., but use an apostrophe with, for example, the ’90s.
decision making, decision-making
Two words as a noun; hyphenated as an adjective.
Capitalize the main words in the names of degrees when they are spelled out and capitalize abbreviations of degrees. Abbreviation of the degree name is acceptable on first reference. (Note: There are no spaces between elements and periods are used.)
- Bachelor of Arts = B.A.
- Bachelor of Fine Arts = B.F.A.
- Bachelor of Music=B.M.
- Bachelor of Science = B.S.
- Doctor of Philosophy = Ph.D.
- Executive Doctor of Management = E.D.M.
- Master of Arts = M.A.
- Master of Fine Arts = M.F.A.
- Master of Business Administration = M.B.A.
- Master of Science = M.S.
Do not capitalize academic degrees used in a general sense. Note that bachelor’s and master’s end in ’s. Also note that there is no possessive in Bachelor of Arts or Master of Science. (Bachelor's of Arts and Master’s of Science are incorrect.)
- an associate degree
- a bachelor’s degree
- a master’s degree
- a doctoral degree or a doctorate
In references to degrees, the word “degree” is never capitalized.
- She earned her Master of Music degree.
Capitalize the full, formal names of departments, but lowercase shortened or informal versions.
- the Department of Politics and Government
- the politics and government department
See academic departments and capitalization.
Per The Associated Press (AP) Stylebook, avoid the honorific title “Dr.” in reference to an academic who has earned a doctorate, unless "Dr." is part of a direct quote. Instead, use Ph.D. (or appropriate degree designation) following the name. If "Dr." is used, never use Dr. and the degree designation in the same reference; it’s redundant. (To verify the terminal degree of OWU faculty, refer to the Course Catalog. Do not assume that everyone a with doctorates has a Ph.D.)
- Jerry Goldstein, Ph.D., spoke at the ceremony.
- Larry Griffin, D.M.A., conducted the musicians.
drop / add
Lowercase references to the drop/add procedure, which occurs during the first two weeks of each semester.
Do not hyphenate “email,” per The Associated Press Stylebook, but hyphenate other technological business references, including “e-business,” “e-book,” and “e-commerce.” Note the lowercase “e.”
Use the three-dot sequence to indicate that something has been left out of a sentence or passage. Leave a space before and after the dot sequence. If a sentence ends (or is cut off) right before the ellipsis, leave in the punctuation that would have ended the sentence.
- The prerequisite class … is required for all students.
- As the saying goes: When in Rome … .
Emeritus is the singular, masculine form. For references to women, use emerita (singular) or emeritae (plural). Emeriti may serve as the plural for a group composed of men only or both men and women. Emeritus is lowercase in all forms (unless used before a name as a formal title). Note that it follows the noun.
- professor emerita of art
- professors emeriti
- faculty emeriti
Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action
See Affirmative Action.
Faculty can be plural or singular depending on whether the word is used to describe the group as a whole (singular) or to describe its members individually (plural). To avoid confusion, rewrite the sentence to avoid a plural verb or use faculty members.
The terms “first-year” or “incoming” student(s) are preferred instead of freshmen. In this usage, it is lowercase and hyphenated.
flyer / flier
The sheet of paper is a flier not a flyer.
The phrase “international students” is preferred.
Capitalize the names of fraternities and sororities, but not the words “fraternity,” “sorority,” or “chapter.”
- The Ohio Wesleyan chapter of Alpha Sigma Phi received the Grand Senior President’s Award for best fraternity chapter in the nation.
full time / full-time
Hyphenate as an adjective before the noun; otherwise use two words.
- He works full time in the office.
- He is a full-time worker.
fundraiser / fundraising
Both are one word, not hyphenated, in all instances.
grade point average (GPA)
Do not hyphenate. Do not use periods in abbreviation (GPA). Use all caps. Spell out grade point average on first reference, and then use GPA on subsequent references.
Graduate Management Admissions Test (GMAT)
Abbreviate after the first full reference. Do not use periods.
graduates with honors
Italicize but do not capitalize:
- summa cum laude
- magna cum laude
- cum laude
In general, list at the end of a person’s full name, with no commas before or after. If writing about husband- and-wife alumni, follow the example below or rewrite. List the full graduation year if needed to avoid confusion, such as 1907 v. 2007.
- George Conrades ’61
- Patsy Belt Conrades ’63
- George Conrades ’61 and Patsy Belt Conrades ’63
One word as adjective or noun. Always lowercase.
Two words, no hyphen, both nouns and adjectives. Always lowercase.
- She has health care at the company where she works.
- She has high health care costs.
Capitalize Hispanic. Use “Hispanic American” with no hyphen when the term is needed.
Two words when referring to an Internet website. Always lowercase.
The official name is the Leland F. and Helen Schubert Honors Program. Note the capital “P.”
Use “http://” only if needed for clarity, such as addresses without “www.”
Use as few hyphens as possible. Use hyphens in compound adjectives to prevent misreading.
- The state-level review panel decided.
If compound adjectives are commonly used, a hyphen is not necessary.
- high school student
- top 10 research university
Do not use hyphens with “very” and “ly” words.
- an early morning lecture
- a very dark sky
The phrase “international students” is preferable to “foreign students.” Both are lowercase unless part of a proper name.
It is no longer necessary to capitalize “internet” or “web,” as both have become common terms.
Acceptable in all uses for the James A. Young Memorial Walkway. Young’s initials provide the JAYwalk’s distinctive name. Note that the named portion (JAY) is in all capital letters, but the pathway (walk) is lower case.
Jannuzi Dance Studio
The 2,425-square-foot dance studio is named in memory of Margaret Moltrup Jannuzi, OWU Class of 1933, and her husband, Eugene F. Jannuzi (both deceased). It opened in 2015 inside Edwards Gymnasium.
Spell out as part of an official name or on first reference, except in a direct quote. “Lab” is acceptable as a second reference. AP style: Only capitalize “laboratory” or “lab” when used with a laboratory’s full name. Lowercase in all other circumstances.
For example: We purchased new lab equipment.
Capitalize the main words in the official names of campus landmarks.
- Slocum Reading Room
- Sulphur Spring
See Beeghly Library.
majors and minors
Do not capitalize names of schools, college studies, fields of study, options, curricula, major areas, minors, major subjects, or programs unless a specific course is being referred to or if using names of countries, nationalities, historical periods, and languages.
- a student majoring in political science
- He is an English major and history minor.
See academic courses.
Uppercase references to the Midwest of the United States.
Follow the style most appropriate for your audience. Chicago style spells out months in all uses. AP style calls for abbreviating longer months when used with exact dates. AP abbreviations are: Jan., Feb., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., and Dec. AP never abbreviates March, April, May, June or July.
- The event will be held Jan. 3, 2008. (AP)
National Collegiate Athletic Association
Use National Collegiate Athletic Association on first reference (or second reference, if using the full name in the lead sentence is too cumbersome) and NCAA on subsequent references.
“American Indian” is also acceptable. Always capitalize both words.
One word (unless “non” modifies a hyphenated phrase).
- nondegree student
- non-degree-granting program
Avoid words and usage that reinforce sexist stereotypes. Do not use “he” as an all-inclusive pronoun. “He or she” can be used, but the following solutions are preferable:
- Change the subject to the plural and use “they,” making sure there is verb/noun agreement.
- Change the singular third-person reference (he/she) to the second person (you).
- Use neutral words to replace personal pronouns (such as “one” or “several”).
- Repeat the noun or use a synonym.
- Revise the sentence to eliminate the pronoun altogether. See chairman, chairwoman; freshman, freshmen.
North Coast Athletic Conference
Use North Coast Athletic Conference on first (or second) reference and NCAC on subsequent references. Ohio Wesleyan is a charter member of the North Coast Athletic Conference, which began competition in the 1984-85 academic year.
Spell out numbers one through nine, except in ages, sports scores, and percentages. Use numerals for 10 or more and for fractions; spell out numbers that begin a sentence or rewrite the sentence.
- Exception: Big Ten.
Spell out numbers 10 and above in special cases involving formal invitations and in sequences such as “one through ten.”
- Last year, two of four students participated.
- Between six and 11 students would go to the interview.
- In 1986, more than 45 students received presidential awards.
In running text, when referring to dollar amounts in millions, use the numeral and million, rather than zeros.
- $6 million (not $6,000,000) Note that the $ also makes it unnecessary to include the word “dollars.”
See addresses, ordinals, percent, and phone numbers.
Two words, but hyphenate as an adjective before a noun. Always lowercase.
- Ed lives off campus.
- Ed has an off-campus apartment.
Ohio Wesleyan University
After the first full reference to Ohio Wesleyan University, the following references are acceptable:
- Ohio Wesleyan
- the university (AP style)
- the University (Chicago style)
Do not use “Wesleyan” on its own and do not use “OWU” as a noun to refer to Ohio Wesleyan University in formal documents. OWU is acceptable as an adjective and in headlines. For informal, internal uses OWU may be used as a noun.
Two words, but hyphenate as an adjective before a noun.
- Sylvia works on campus.
- Sylvia has an on-campus job.
Write out first through ninth. Use numerals for 10th and higher (11th, 22nd, 53rd).
OWU Connection, The
The OWU Connection is Ohio Wesleyan's unique approach to liberal arts in the 21st century. The OWU Connection links academic theory with real-world practice; crosses academic department boundaries to support deeper, interconnected learning; and prepares students for global citizenship and leadership.
OWU ALERT is an emergency notification system used to notify the campus about emergency situations as well as severe weather conditions/closings. Members of the campus community are able to enroll themselves (and families) in the system to receive any combination of telephone, email, and text messages. To enroll, visit the myOWU portal.
Spelling out percent is preferred, although % may be used if space is needed. Use numerals in front of percent, unless starting a sentence.
- They asked 50 percent of the students.
- One percent of the faculty attended.
Use parentheses around the area code and hyphens between the three- and four-digit numbers.
- (740) 368-2000
One word, lowercase p.
Ohio Wesleyan University’s 16th president is Rock Jones, Ph.D. Per his preference, use Rock (vs. Rockwell) for his first name, even on first reference.
- The speakers included President Rock Jones.
Capitalize the titles of professorships whether used alone or after an individual’s name.
- Emmanuel K. Twesigye, Ph.D., the Aden S. and Wollam Benedicts Professor of Christian Studies
Borrowing language from the American Psychological Association, Ohio Wesleyan "supports the choice of communities to determine their own descriptors. Thus, when transgender and gender nonconforming people ... use the singular they as their pronoun, writers should likewise use the singular they when writing about them."
The department is located in the lobby of Smith Hall. Breaking from style, uppercase in all references to the department.
- Public Safety recommends always locking doors when leaving dorm rooms vacant.
In regular text, commas and periods always go inside the end quotation mark. Colons and semicolons always go outside the end quotation mark. Exclamation marks and question marks can go inside or outside the quotation mark depending on usage; place inside if it applies to the quoted matter, outside if it applies to the whole sentence.
- Who wrote “The Raven”?
- He asked, “How long will it take?”
- Do not use quotes around words for emphasis.
Do not use a hyphen when referring to a “top 10” or “top 25” program. The word “top” is not capitalized in this usage unless it is part of a proper name.
- She hopes to stay in the top 10 of her class.
Red and Black
Uppercase when referring to the Battling Bishops. Lowercase when referring to the colors.
- She always roots for the Red and Black.
- She always wears red and black to the games.
Rexford Keller Memorial Concert Organ
Located in University Hall’s Gray Chapel, the organ is the largest of six Klais organs in the country. It is a four manual tracker action organ with 82 ranks, 55 stops, and 4,644 pipes.
Use accent marks. Always lowercase.
Capitalize room when used with a number, letter or proper name.
- The lecture will be held in Room 161 of Schimmel/Conrades Science Center.
- The event will be held in Benes Room A of Hamilton-Williams Campus Center.
Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT)
SAT is acceptable on first reference. Do not use periods. Avoid the redundant “SAT test.”
Ohio Wesleyan’s academic year consists of two semesters – fall and spring – with each semester lasting 16 weeks. The University also offers a five-week summer session. Always lowercase.
Small Living Units (SLUs)
Capitalize the first letter of each word. SLUs (note the lack of an apostrophe) are themed houses serving as residences for small groups of students. There are seven SLUs:
- Citizens of the World House, commonly referred to as the CoW House
- House of Linguistic Diversity; HOLD is acceptable on second reference
- House of Peace and Justice; P&J is acceptable on second reference
- House of Spiritual Athletes
- Interfaith House
- SAGE House; spell out within the text that SAGE stands for Sexuality and Gender Equality
- Tree House
These donor-funded duplex-style dwellings each house two Small Living Units of 12 students each. Ohio Wesleyan's first SLUplex opened in fall 2016. Two of the current SLUplexes are named:
- The Dittrick House, named in recognition of alumnus and building donor Doug Dittrick '55.
- The Jim and Eilleen Dicke House, named in recognition of his parents by donor James F. Dicke II and his wife, Janet S. Dicke.
spring, spring semester
Lowercase references to seasons and academic periods.
Spell them out in all instances except mailing addresses.
- He is a senior from Huntington Beach, California.
The term is hyphenated.
summer, summer session
Lowercase references to seasons and academic periods. Don’t capitalize “session.”
Theory to Practice / Theory-to-Practice
Hyphenate and capitalize “Theory-to-Practice” when used as the formal name of OWU’s Theory-to-Practice Grant Program. (Do not use “TiPiT,” an acronym that stands for Theory into Practice into Theory.) The phrase "theory to practice" is lower case when not part of a proper name and hyphenated based on usage.
- A Theory-to-Practice Grant recipient
- An example of theory-to-practice learning
- An example of translating theory to practice
Use numerals in all cases and omit the zeros for on-the-hour times. Use periods and lowercase letters for a.m. and p.m. To avoid confusion, use noon and midnight instead of 12 p.m. and 12 a.m.
- 11 a.m. to 3 p.m.
- 1-3 p.m.
- 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
- 8 a.m. to noon
For consistency, most newspapers report event information by time, date, and place – in that order. Do not use a comma between the time and date.
- The lecture will be held at 7:30 p.m. April 10 in the Benes Rooms of Hamilton-Williams Campus Center, 40 Rowland Ave., Delaware.
No longer used at Ohio Wesleyan, “TiPiT” was an acronym for Theory into Practice into Theory. “Theory to practice” is the correct term. Hyphenate and capitalize “Theory-to-Practice” when used with the Theory-to-Practice Grant program.
- She was awarded a Theory-to-Practice Grant.
Capitalize titles when they immediately precede a personal name. Titles following a personal name or used alone in place of a name are lowercase. Capitalize titles used in lists if they appear line for line as in an address.
- Professor Mary Howard
- Mary Howard, professor,
- Mary Howard is a professor.
See composition titles.
No hyphen is used in either the compound noun or adjective.
- She hopes to stay in the top 10 of her class.
- The top 10-ranked program attracts many students.
travel-learning / Travel-Learning
Hyphenate when used as an adjective. Capitalize and hyphenate when referring to the formal OWU Travel-Learning Program.
- Ohio Wesleyan offers many opportunities for travel learning.
- She considers travel-learning experiences to be an important part of any college curriculum.
- Ohio Wesleyan will offer 15 Travel-Learning Courses during the upcoming academic year.
The Associated Press now uses this as one word in all instances.
United States, U.S.
Use United States (or United States of America) as the proper noun; use U.S. as the adjective.
For news releases, lowercase “university” when it stands alone in reference to Ohio Wesleyan. Per tradition, capitalize “University” in all other publications in reference to Ohio Wesleyan.)
See Ohio Wesleyan University.
Spell out in regular usage, but vs. may be used in short, common expressions. Use v. for court cases.
- She is debating the merits of applying for a Theory-to-Practice Grant versus enrolling in a Travel-Learning Course.
- The classic argument is guns vs. butter.
- He’s the prosecutor in Smith v. Jones.
Web page, website, webstream
Woltemade Center for Economics, Business and Entrepreneurship, The
Note the lack of a serial comma and the use of "The." The mission of the center, founded in 1985, is to "enhance academic programs and provide real world opportunities to create future generations of business and world leaders." The Woltemade Center is named in honor of the late Uwe J. Woltemade, Ph.D., an OWU economics faculty member from 1965 to 1995.
World Wide Web
Three words, no hyphens, always all initial caps. On second reference, use the “web” or “internet,” both lowercase, are acceptable.
Use numerals and an apostrophe when abbreviating to indicate class year. Use the full year when needed to ensure clarity, such as 1904 vs. 2004. When the graduating year follows a person’s name, the year does not need to be set off by commas.
- Branch Rickey 1904
- Class of ’63 (note capital C)
- Marie A. Rymut ’07
- 2017-2018 academic year
Decades may be referred to in any of the following ways. (Note: no apostrophe is needed for 1990s, 1980s, etc.)
- the 1990s
- the ’90s
- the nineties
year in school
Do not capitalize the words “freshman,” “sophomore,” “junior,” “senior” when they refer to the year in which a course is to be taken or to the classification of the student. Also, note that first-year student is preferable to freshman.
Do not use a comma between the state and ZIP code in addresses.
- Delaware, Ohio 43015